Fishery Performance Indicators (FPIs) are a rapid assessment instrument for measuring economic, community, and ecological outcomes in the World’s fishery systems. They can be used in both developed (data-rich) and developing (data-poor) regions. They are used to evaluate the effectiveness of investment, reforms, and interventions.
The International Coalition of Fisheries Associations (ICFA) funded the development of Fishery Performance Indicators in 2009. The World Banks has since tested and applied them. The development process involved four workshops and test pilots involving:
A fishery system is the intersection of three perspectives. The biological perspective is identified by a breeding population. The harvesting business perspective is identified by fleets using comparable technologies and serving similar markets. The management perspective is identified by a common set of rules for access and harvest.
In other terms, a fishery system is identified by fleets harvesting identifiable populations, supplying similar markets, and under a common set of rules for access and harvest.
Fishery systems are scored using 68 metrics. These metrics were selected to be readily available, accurate, quantifiable, relevant and understandable. They are rolled up into three indicators: Ecology, Economics, and Community.
Individual metrics are scored from 1 to 5. The bins are generally chosen to reflect the quintiles of performance on the metric globally.
Additionally each metric is assigned a quality of the score:
As an example, the metric Social Standing of Captain is scored as follows.
|5||Among the most respected in the community, comparable with civic and religious leaders or educated professionals|
|4||Comparable to business managers and white collar jobs|
|3||Comparable to skilled labor jobs|
|2||Comparable to unskilled labor or service jobs|
|1||Among the least respected, such as illegal labor, slaves or indentured servants|